Hai Phong, occasionally Haiphong, Vietnamese: Hải Phòng, meaning "Coastal Defence", is a coastal city, and the the third largest city in Vietnam, located at the mouth of the Cam River, in Vietnam's northeastern coastal area, 120 km east of Hanoi. It has a total natural area of 152,318.49ha (2001). It borders Quang Ninh province to the north, Hai Duong province to the west, Thai Binh province to the south, and the Gulf of Tonkin to the east. Bach Long Vi island, located in the Gulf, is also administered as part of the city. The city is located in a convenient position for transportation to domestic provinces, and international networks via road network, railway, sea routes, inland waterway and air.
Hai Phong is located in the tourist route Hanoi - Hai Phong - Ha Long Bay. Haiphong resorts with beaches circling Do Son peninsula, goes over the East Sea over 5 km. For years, Do Son has become a resort and entertainment site in the country. Do Son has now been developed into tourist centers, and entertainment by international standards.
From Do Son by high-speed ships, guests can visit the Cat Ba island and Cat Ba National Park, visit Bai Tu Long Bay and Halong Bay. Limestone Islands of Cat Ba, Ha Long Bay are located adjacent to hundreds of mountains, small islands rising up on the sea. The main island is Cat Ba National Park, the tropical forest, conserving many rare plants and animals. There are many exotic natural caves, beaches, lying together with blue water between the islands, and the streams on the mountain slopes and mountain lakes.
General InfoArea: 1.519 sq. km
Population: 1,711,100 habitants (as of August 2008)
Six urban districts: Lê Chân, Hồng Bàng, Ngô Quyền, Kiến An, Hải An, Dương Kinh.
One town: Đồ Sơn
Eight rural districts: Thủy Nguyên, An Hải, An Lão, Kiến Thụy, Tiên Lãng, Vĩnh Bảo, Cát Hải, Bạch Long Vĩ.
Ethnic groups: Việt (Kinh), Hoa, Tày, Nùng...
HistoryHai Phong was originally founded by Lê Chân, the female general of a Vietnamese revolution against the Chinese led by the Trưng Sisters (Hai Bà Trưng) in the year 43 C.E. The area which is now known as Duong Kinh District was once known as Hai tan Phong thu ("defensive coastal area"), and served as the second capital of the Mac dynasty (1527–1592). At the end of Nguyen Emperor Tu Duc's reign, the headquarters of An Duong District was also moved to Hang Kenh Communal House, which now belongs to Le Chan district.
Haiphong was one of Vietnam's principal ports and trading centers. When the country was invaded by the French, the city became France's main naval base in Indochina. After World War II, when Vietnam attempted to regain its independence, Hai Phong was the site of the first military action undertaken by the French. While it was claimed that the French heavy cruiser Suffren bombarded the city, only 3 avisos participated in the operation that contributed to the start of the First Indochina War.
Later, in the Vietnam War, Hai Phong was subjected to heavy bombing by US Navy and Air Force strike aircraft because it was North Vietnam's only major port. After the war, the city recovered and became a significant industrial center. Today, its port serves the entire northern region of Vietnam, and has managed to attract large foreign direct investment that fueled economic rates of growth exceeding 10% per annum over the last decade.
Buffalo Fighting Festival, from 9th of the Eighth Month of Vietnamese Calendar
Trang Temple Festival, from 28th of the Eleventh Month of Vietnamese Calendar.
Puppet and water puppet Festival
The Swing in Spring Festival in Thuy Nguyen, starting with Tet (Vietnamese New Year)
Sea Festival, from 4st of the First Month of Vietnamese Calendar.
Hat Dum (Dum Singing Festival)
Du Hang Communal House Festival
The Pho Ma Temple (Deo Temple) Festival
Narcissus Competition Festival
Kim Son Ball Playing Festival
Nghe Temple Festival
Rowing Contest Festival
An Lu Temple Festival
Historical and Cutural PlacesDư Hàng Pagoda
Hàng Kênh Communal House
Nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm Relic Complex
Nhân Mục Communal House
Phổ Chiếu Pagoda
Area of Trang Kenh historical relic and scenic site
Cai Beo Archaeological Site
Tuong Long (Do Son) Tower
Dong Ly Communal House
Nhu Thuong Communal House
Thuong Doan Palace
Tra Phuong (Thien Phuc) Pagoda
Dong Khe (Nguyet Quang) Pagoda
Trang Kenh - Bach Dang
Ba De Temple
SightseeingsDo Son Beach
Cat Co Beach
Cat Ba Island and Cat Ba National Park
Bach Dang River
Quan Hoa (Flower Shop)
City Opera House
Lap River - Tam Bac Lake
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